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Mesthene holds that direct participation is decreasingly relevant in societies where cause-effect relationships are very complex. 187 The 'greatest challenge yet to political inquiry and political action', as he sees it, is that of finding and making operational 'a positive correlation between knowledge and political consensus'. 188 This sounds like a quest for some new philosopher's stone, but what exactly does it imply? l 90 Wheeler provides another decisive statement of the need for change in political institutions: Science has become society's legislature.

Fresh prospects are opened up by the computer... 246 There has in recent years been one paramount government scientific advisor in Britain, Sir Solly Zuckerman, though many have wondered whether his influence was really as great as it sometimes appeared to be. 247 The answer? '24S Of course, British government has traditionally been extremely secret, and on science and technology matters especially the competence and achievements of Parliament have been very meagre. ' 249 And according to Crick, 'There is much historical evidence to suggest that in a complex modern industrial society decisions which cannot be questioned publicly are likely, in the long run, either to prove obviously inept or to need a degree of violent enforcement that civilised societies should not stomach....

Per capita income about fifty times the pre-industrial. 2. Most 'economic' activities are tertiary and quaternary (service-oriented), rather than primary or secondary (production-oriented). 3. Business firms no longer the major source of innovation. 4. There may be more 'consentives' (v. 'marketives'). 5. Effective floor on income and welfare. 6. Efficiency no longer primary. 7. Market plays diminished role compared to public sector and 'social accounts'. 8. Widespread 'cybernation'. 9. 'Small world'.

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