Download Nobel Prize Women in Science: Their Lives, Struggles, and by Sharon Bertsch McGrayne PDF

By Sharon Bertsch McGrayne

McGrayne chronicles the discrimination confronted by way of girl scientists within the twentieth century. Even through those that may finally in achieving the top prize of the Nobel. She additionally contains biographies of some ladies who by no means received the Nobel, yet have been stated later via many to have merited it. Lise Meitner, in fact. She used to be doubly deprived. Being lady and Jewish in Germany in the course of the Nineteen Twenties and 30s. the tale of the way Otto Hahn received the Physics Nobel almost immediately after global warfare 2 for paintings that he did together together with her is celebrated to physicists.

Jocelyn Bell's paintings on pulsars can be defined. Bell's consultant may later garner the Nobel for this, even though Bell made the an important observations and deductions from those.

Both those chapters should be routines in frustration to a reader. Injustices that have been by no means remedied. although Bell remains to be alive, and so there's a likelihood that the Nobel committe may perhaps redress this oversight.

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Extra info for Nobel Prize Women in Science: Their Lives, Struggles, and Momentous Discoveries, Second Edition

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As one wrote, “The magnificent forehead won notice first. ” After five minutes of fervent applause, Marie Curie quietly began where her husband had left off, “When we consider the progress made in physics in the past ten years, one is surprised by the…”. If the audience had hoped for histrionics and melodrama, she did not intend to oblige. Instead, she built a shield of impassivity around her to mask her feelings. She rarely spoke about Pierre Curie to anyone; even late in life, she found it difficult to talk about him with her daughters.

Intrigued, Pierre Curie dropped his own beloved crystal research and joined Marie’s radioactivity project. He never returned to crystals. The Curies’ only clue to the new element was its radioactivity. Breaking down pitchblende into its constituent chemicals, Marie and Pierre discovered that only two components—those mixed with either bismuth or barium—were strongly radioactive. Clearly, the barium and bismuth compounds must have something radioactive in them. So they began separating those compounds into their components as well.

Industry did not hire them, and universities considered physics a dead subject. ” In all of Hungary, for example, there were only three or four physics professors. The few jobs that were available would hardly go to a woman. ” To make sure that Lise could support herself, her father insisted that she spend three years earning a certificate to teach French in girls’ finishing schools. Only then would he hire a private tutor to Lise Meitner Lise Meitner. 39 40 NOBEL PRIZE WOMEN IN SCIENCE Lise Meitner.

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