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By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Monica Ulewicz

An more and more globalized international economic system creates new monetary, cultural, and social possibilities. Globalization additionally poses the problem of making sure that employees through the global proportion in those possibilities. In 1998 the foreign Labour association (ILO) followed the statement on primary ideas and Rights at paintings, a collection of center foreign exertions criteria embodying uncomplicated employees' rights. conducting this dedication to employees' rights calls for an figuring out of work stipulations and country-level compliance with those criteria. The U.S. division of work (DOL) shriveled with the nationwide examine Council (NRC) of the nationwide Academies to propose the U.S. govt at the layout of an built-in and accomplished approach to watch country-level compliance with those middle foreign hard work criteria. The NRC has convened the Committee on tracking overseas exertions criteria (CMILS) to supply specialist, science-based recommendation on tracking compliance with overseas exertions standards.

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According to Schrage, malevolence—the idea that factory owners and managers are evil—receives a considerable amount of attention although it is not a primary cause of noncompliance. Ignorance of labor standards and laws exists, particularly in terms of supply-chain conditions. For example, in soccer ball production in Pakistan—part of Nike’s supply chain—subcontractors used child labor to produce soccer balls, but child workers were not employed at the Nike factory. “So Nike had no awareness of the existence and the depth of child labor in its supply chain, and [it was] by no means alone.

Paper presented at the Population Association of America meeting, Los Angeles, CA. National Research Council. (2003a). Monitoring international labor standards: National legal frameworks, summary of a workshop. Crispin Rigby, editor. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education and Policy and Global Affairs Division. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. National Research Council. (2003b). Monitoring international labor standards: Quality of information, summary of a workshop.

Heather White resigned from the committee in November 2002. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. m. S. m. m. m. m. m. m. S. S. J. S. S. S. S. S. S. S. S. S. S. Department of State COMMITTEE ON MONITORING INTERNATIONAL LABOR STANDARDS Bengtsson, Jarl Advisor to OECD Lynch, Lisa Tufts University Elliott, Kimberly Institute for International Economics Moran, Ted Georgetown University Rajan, Mo Independent Consultant 43 APPENDIX C Invited Speakers Schneider, Roland Trade Union Advisory Committee, OECD Betcherman, Gordon The World Bank Brown, Drusilla Tufts University Schrage, Elliot Council on Foreign Relations Levison, Deborah University of Minnesota Stern, David University of California, Berkeley Marshall, Ray University of Texas (by phone) Torres, Raymond OECD Meehan, Michaela USAID Urminsky, Michael ILO Moody, Steve Office of Representative George Miller von Richthofen, Wolfgang ILO NRC Staff Bissell, Richard National Academies Hilton, Margaret National Academies Briggs, Elizabeth National Academies Reinhart, George National Academies DePugh, Linda National Academies Stacey, Nevzer National Academies Feuer, Michael National Academies Ulewicz, Monica National Academies Henderson, Peter National Academies Appendix D Invited Speakers’ Biographical Information Gordon Betcherman, a Canadian national, is a World Bank expert on labor standards and social protection.

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