Download Magic and Rationality in Ancient Near Eastern and by H. F. J. Horstmanshoff, Marten Stol, C. R. Van Tilburg PDF

By H. F. J. Horstmanshoff, Marten Stol, C. R. Van Tilburg

For the 1st time, clinical platforms of the traditional close to East and the Greek and Roman global are studied part via aspect and in comparison. Early drugs in Babylonia, Egypt, the Minoan and Mycenean international later drugs in Hippocrates, Galen, Aelius Aristides, Vindicianus, the Talmud. the point of interest is the measure of rationality or irrationality within the a number of methods of clinical suggestion and therapy. Fifteen experts contributed considerate and well-documented chapters on very important matters.

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Additional info for Magic and Rationality in Ancient Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman Medicine (Studies in Ancient Medicine)

Sample text

Medicine, on the other hand, is less concerned with the supernatural than with the natural, and the focus of medicine is on alleviating symptoms, such as pain, fever, incontinence, or other bodily dysfunctions. T h e causes of disease within medical contexts are usually more prosaic, such as a mote or insect which causing eye disease, or eating behexed food causing 63 Although the Šurpu ritual does not call for lentils a n d salt to be mixed with the water, nevertheless both were c o m m o n ingredients in Akkadian rituals, a n d Parker (1983) 227, suggests that salt was a d d e d to simulate sea-water.

J. GELLER and uncharacteristic materia medica in Tablet 28 of the Diagnostic Handbook serves as a kind of compromise, invoking magic-like amuletic ingredients within a medical context, but without invoking incantations, as a way of dealing with intractable disease. T h e fact that epilepsy represented an exceptional case both in Babylonia and in certain Greek medical circles should not escape our attention, since it once again suggests that we are dealing with similar or even related systems of medicine, at least in the fifth century BC.

T h e passage is similar in content to headings in the treatise De affectionibus interiorìbu^ enumerating diseases according to internal organs and ailments, with headings of sections such as: 'three consumptions' (ch. 10), 'three tetanuses' (ch. 52), 'four jaundices' (ch. 35), and 'four kinds of kidney ailment' (ch. 85 De affectionibus interìoribus, however, is not typical of most other treatises in the Corpus Hippocraticum, since it does not constitute a particular argument or point of view, as is often the case in other Hippocratic treatises.

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