Download Life under Pressure: Mortality and Living Standards in by Tommy Bengtsson, Cameron Campbell, James Lee PDF

By Tommy Bengtsson, Cameron Campbell, James Lee

This hugely unique publication -- the 1st in a sequence examining historic inhabitants habit in Europe and Asia -- pioneers a brand new method of the comparative research of societies long ago. utilizing concepts of occasion heritage research, the authors learn 100,000 lifestyles histories in a hundred rural groups in Western Europe and Asia to investigate the demographic reaction to social and fiscal pressures. In doing in order that they problem the authorized Eurocentric Malthusian view of inhabitants approaches and show that inhabitants habit has now not been as uniform as formerly proposal -- that it has frequently been decided through human business enterprise, really social constitution and cultural practice.The authors research the complicated courting among human habit and social and fiscal setting, interpreting age, gender, relatives, kinship, social category and social association, weather, nutrition costs, and actual wages to match mortality responses to adversity. Their examine on the person, loved ones, and group degrees demanding situations the formerly authorised characterizations of social and monetary habit in Europe and Asia within the earlier. The originality of the research in addition to the geographic breadth and ancient intensity of the information make existence stressed an important boost within the box of ancient demography. Its findings may be of curiosity to students in economics, environmental experiences, demography, historical past, and sociology in addition to the common reader drawn to those matters.

Show description

Read Online or Download Life under Pressure: Mortality and Living Standards in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900 PDF

Best demography books

Introduction to applied demography : data sources and estimation techniques

Utilized demography is a method that could deal with small geographic components -- an process which permits industry segments and objective populations to be studied intimately. This booklet presents the fundamental components of utilized demography in a transparent and concise demeanour. It information the type of details that's on hand; who produces it; and the way that info can be utilized.

Managing Population Decline in Europe's Urban and Rural Areas

This booklet explores the demanding situations inhabitants decline offers for Europe’s city and rural components. It positive aspects fresh demographic information and traits not just for Europe as a complete, but in addition for chosen international locations, and compares development and shrinkage from a ancient in addition to a theoretical standpoint. furthermore, the ebook severely studies proper notions from geography, sociology, and public management.

Recapturing Space: New Middle-Range Theory in Spatial Demography

With a distinct specialise in middle-range conception, this e-book info the applying of spatial research to demographic examine as a fashion of integrating and higher figuring out the several transitional elements of the final demographic transition. This publication first information key innovations and measures in sleek spatial demography and indicates how they are often utilized to middle-range idea to raised comprehend humans, locations, groups and relationships through the global.

Extra resources for Life under Pressure: Mortality and Living Standards in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900

Example text

The mortality response was much weaker and varied more from country to country (Galloway 1988). At least for Sweden, it is also clear that the fertility response was not an indirect result of the effect of harvests on nuptiality (Carlsson 1970), a fact supported by evidence that the marriage rate varies only half as much as the birthrate. Marriages do not produce very strong short-term effects on birthrates but they do affect them over a twenty-year period. Furthermore, birth figures are influenced more noticeably than nuptiality by fluctuations in the economy.

Environmental factors, which also have an impact on these characteristics, include both individual liberty and public goods, such as climate, clean air, and the absence of crime. These factors can be goods themselves or represent a set of institutional constraints. The material characteristics, together with individual characteristics such as metabolism, determine a person’s capability to achieve functionings. In the next step, a person’s psychological state, for example, possession of religious faith, together with individual capability, determines the functionings he or she will achieve.

Effects of short-term economic stress on migration, nuptiality, fertility, and mortality can therefore be used as an indirect measure of individual living standards. We analyze the standard of living for men and women of various ages, socioeconomic groups, and household settings through their ability to overcome short-term economic stress. This chapter is divided into six sections followed by a brief summary. We begin with the debate about differences in historical living standards between East and West, continue with a brief examination of different concepts of standard of living, and introduce our alternative concept: the ability to overcome short-term economic stress.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.21 of 5 – based on 35 votes