By Charles Stephenson, Robert Asher
Lifestyles and hard work brings jointly the main stimulating scholarship within the box of work historical past this present day. Its fifteen essays discover the impression of industrialization and expertise at the lives of operating humans and their responses to the adjustments in society during the last one-hundred-fifty years. targeting the standard lifetime of working-class americans, it discusses such subject matters as creation know-how, occupational mobility, commercial violence, operating girls, resistance to exploitation, fraternal corporations, and social and leisure-time actions.
The essays are written in a full of life demeanour available to an undergraduate viewers and in addition offer insights and a great history for graduate scholars and students within the box of yankee exertions and social historical past. The e-book offers the paintings of individuals of the iteration of work and social historians who matured within the Seventies and who're now developing themselves as leaders of their fields.
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Extra resources for Life and labor: dimensions of American working-class history
The balance of shop-floor control clearly began to shift toward capital but, despite the fact that new machines began to deskill workers, they could not be operated without those workers. Relations of production in ante-bellum machine shops were further complicated by the practice of sub-contracting, which made some master machinists small entrepreneurs who, after negotiating the terms for making a particular part with the factory owner, then hired other machinists and less-skilled journeymen helpers.
6 Relationships between people engaged in productive activity are Page 5 influenced strongly by the resources each person or group of producers can command. Clearly, ownership of production sitesland and the structures built on itas well as ownership of the materials and machinery used for production, gives the owner a great advantage over the people whose labor power is bought by the owner. The power of owners and their hired managers, however, is not and never has been absolute. Some workers have special skills, not widely distributed among the available work forces, that give them considerable bargaining power when they negotiate individually the terms of their employment by businessmen.
Earlier versions of Roy Rosenzweig's essay appeared in Radical History Review (9:1, 66-81) and as Chapter Five of his book Eight Hours for What We Will (Cambridge University Press, 1983), and appears here with the kind permission both of Radical History Review and of Cambridge University Press. Published by State University of New York Press, Albany © 1986 State University of New York All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews.