By Wayne Harbert, Sally McConnell-Ginet, Amanda Miller
This quantity explores the advanced interactions of language with financial assets. How does poverty have an effect on language survival? How is the commercial prestige of people suffering from the languages they do or don't communicate? The authors deal with those questions from a number of views, drawing on linguistics, language coverage and making plans, economics, anthropology, and sociology.
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Additional resources for Language and Poverty (Multilingual Matters)
In fact, if realistic language policies were to be established in Africa with optimal utility planning philosophies, all languages could be promoted to various degrees, according to their relative utility, taking into account: the number of speakers, their vitality levels, the speakers’ attitudes and costs involved in the promotion process (Hachipola, 1996). Political and ethnic conflicts Conflicts, especially in Africa, constitute an important factor linked both to poverty and to language shift or death.
12). Paris: Mouton. Gal, S. (1979) Language Shift: Social Determinants of Linguistic Change in Bilingual Austria. New York: Academic Press. J. (1996) Survey of the Minority Languages of Zimbabwe. Harare: Departments of African Languages and Literature, University of Zimbabwe. Hasselbring, S. (2000) A Socio-linguistic Survey of the Languages of Botswana (Vol. 1). Gaborone: Tasalls. Heine, B. (1990) Language policy in Africa. In B. ) Language and Political Development (pp. 167Á 189). Norway: Ablex.
This paper discusses the phenomena of language shift and language death, which continue to constitute a critical problem in all five continents of the world. The problem has caused much alarm and preoccupation among linguists, ethnographers, language planners and even national governments, particularly after the revelation of statistics that by the turn of the century as many as 90% of the world’s languages will have become extinct (Krauss, 1992). The main thrust of the paper is that poverty is a crucial factor in language maintenance, as speakers of any language tend to identify themselves with the most socioeconomically prestigious language.