Download Kinetic Theory of Gases: An Anthology of Classic Papers With by Stephen G. Brush PDF

By Stephen G. Brush

This booklet introduces physics scholars and academics to the old improvement of the kinetic idea of gases, by means of supplying a set of crucial contributions by means of Clausius, Maxwell and Boltzmann, with introductory surveys explaining their importance. furthermore, extracts from the works of Boyle, Newton, Mayer, Joule, Helmholtz, Kelvin and others convey the ancient context of principles approximately gases, power and irreversibility. as well as 5 thematic essays connecting the classical kinetic idea with twentieth century themes resembling indeterminism and interatomic forces, there's an in depth foreign bibliography of historic commentaries on kinetic conception, thermodynamics, and so forth. released some time past 4 a long time.

The e-book may be valuable to historians of technological know-how who desire basic and secondary resources to be very easily on hand for his or her personal learn and interpretation, besides the bibliography which makes it more straightforward to profit what different historians have already performed in this topic.

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Additional resources for Kinetic Theory of Gases: An Anthology of Classic Papers With Historical Commentary

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I, p. 573. VOLTA, ALESSANDRO. WARBURG, EMIL: See KUNDT. WATERSTON, JOHN JAMES. On the physics of media that are composed of free and perfectly elastic molecules in a state of motion. Proceedings of the Royal Society {London) 5, 604 (1846) (abstract); Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London 183A, 5 (1893). Reprinted in The Collected Scientific Papers of John James Waterston (ed. J. S. HALDANE), Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, 1928, p. 207. WATERSTON, JOHN JAMES. On a general theory of gases. British Association report, 21st meeting, Transactions of the Sections, p.

Buys-Ballot (1817-90). Buys-Ballot pointed out that if it were really true, as Joule, Kronig and Clausius claimed, that the molecules of a gas move at speeds of the order of several hundred metres per second, one would expect gases to diffuse and mix with each other very rapidly. In fact, however, if hydrogen sulphide or chlorine is evolved in one corner of a room, it may be several minutes before it is noticed in another corner of the room, although according to the kinetic theory each of the molecules should have traversed the room hundreds of times by then.

Like Herapath, Waterston sent his paper to the Royal Society, hoping that it would be published in the Philosophical Transactions. At that time the custom of the Royal Society was that a paper submitted by someone who was not a Fellow of the Society could be " read " (officially presented) if it were sponsored by a Fellow, but it then became the property of the Society and could not be returned to the author even if it were not published. However, the author could get permission to have a copy made for his own use if he wished.

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