By Siobhan Chapman, Christopher Routledge
This booklet bargains introductory entries on eighty principles that experience formed the learn of language as much as the current day. Entries are written by way of specialists within the fields of linguistics and the philosophy of language to mirror the total variety of techniques and modes of idea. each one access incorporates a short description of the belief, an account of its improvement, and its influence at the box of language examine. The e-book is written in an obtainable variety with transparent descriptions of technical phrases, courses to additional analyzing, and vast cross-referencing among entries. an invaluable extra function of this publication is that it truly is cross-referenced all through with Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language (Edinburgh, 2005), revealing major connections and continuities within the similar disciplines. rules lined variety from experience facts, synthetic Intelligence, and common sense, via Generative Semantics, Cognitivism, and dialog research, to Political Correctness, Deconstruction, and Corpora.
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Extra info for Key Ideas in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language
Alan Cruse (2004). Cognitive Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Evans, Vyvyan and Melanie Green (2006). Cognitive Linguistics. An Introduction. ) (2006). Cognitive Linguistics: Basic Readings. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Geeraerts, Dirk and Hubert Cuykens (eds) (2007). The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Ungerer, Friedrich and Hans-Jörg Schmid (1996). An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics. London: Longman. Salvatore Attardo 24 See also: Conventional Meaning; Language of Thought; Logic; Logical Form; Mentalism; Model Theoretic Semantics; Possible World Semantics; Propositions; Truth Theories Key Thinkers: Davidson, Donald; Frege, Gottlob; Montague, Richard; Quine, W.
Sinclair, John Linguistics calls upon language data to provide evidence to support the existence of particular linguistic phenomena or to challenge theories and algorithms. Linguists may derive such evidence from experience or personal knowledge, or they may refer to a written or recorded set of external data in the form of a corpus. A corpus – from the Latin for ‘body’, as in ‘body of texts’ – provides perspective and context for language data. Although modern corpora typically exist as computer databases or files, the idea is far from new.
Quine. The main criticisms levied against logical behaviourism are that several mental states are not reducible to behavioural dispositions (for instance, ‘belief’ cannot be understood independently of ‘desire to verify the belief or act on the belief’) and that it has nothing to say about conceptual relations between mental concepts themselves. By the early 1950s behaviourist psychology had tackled a number of complex behaviours, but language was not one of them. B. F. Skinner undertook to fill this gap in Verbal Behavior (1957).