By Heikki Rusko
The Handbooks of activities medication and technological know-how current uncomplicated scientific and clinical info in a transparent sort and structure as on the topic of particular activities occasions drawn from the Olympic summer season and iciness video games. each one guide is written by means of a small staff of professionals co-ordinated by way of an editor who's the world over revered and acknowledged within the specific activity task. each one quantity provides up to date info at the easy biology of the game, conditioning thoughts, foodstuff, and the scientific elements of harm prevention, remedy, and rehabilitation.This guide will represent the main whole and authoritative resource of data in lifestyles as regards the medical and scientific facets of go kingdom snowboarding: body structure, food, biomechanics, harm prevention, therapy and care of scientific difficulties, and conditioning for festival.
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Extra info for Handbook of Cross-Country Skiing: Olympic Handbook of Sports Medicine
In these tests a 20-s incremental double poling exercise was used, corresponding to the 20–25 s time to skiskate the 200 m indoor track at maximal velocity. The upper body power of female skiers was only ~ 65% of that of male skiers, indicating that the upper body power of female skiers is much lower than could be expected from their upper body VO2max, 76–81% of the male skiers. Upper body power has signiﬁcantly correlated with race performance and with roller skiing VO2max. Main points to remember about neuromuscular and muscle power characteristcs • Skiers most probably have enough maximal muscle strength but they may have limitations in fast force production and in the ability to keep up force production throughout the whole duration of a ski-race.
Rusko, H. (1999) Explosive-strength training improves 5-km running time by improving running economy and muscle power. Journal of Applied Physiology 86, 1527–1533. , Niittymäki, S. & Viitasalo, J. (1997) Effects of oxygen fraction in inspired air on force production and electromyogram activity during ergometer rowing. European Journal of Applied Physiology 76, 495–503. 31 Rusko, H. (1976) Physical performance characteristics in Finnish athletes. PhD dissertation, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
Young skiers cannot sustain as high a percentage of VO2max during prolonged exercise or ski-racing as world-class skiers, even though their threshold values are the same. • World-class skiers use a slightly higher percentage of their VO2max during prolonged exercise and during fast skiing than less successful skiers. • Blood lactate concentration at the intensity of maximal lactate steady state can range individually from 2 to 8 mmol·l–1. Skiing economy and comparison of different skiing techniques Mechanical efﬁciency is deﬁned as the relation between mechanical work carried out and energy expended.