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By Paul Portner, Barbara H. Partee

This can be a selection of papers that assisted in shaping the sector of formal semantics in linguistics. It covers key crucial subject matters and comprises an advent and references. this could be an invaluable source for college kids and students of semantics. creation / Paul Portner and Barbara H. Partee -- the right kind therapy of quantification in traditional English / Richard Montague -- A unified research of the English naked plural / Greg N. Carlson -- Generalized quantifiers and normal language / Jon Barwise and Robin Cooper -- The logical research of plurals and mass phrases : a lattice-theoretical procedure / Godehard hyperlink -- statement / Robert C. Stalnaker -- Scorekeeping in a language video game / David Lewis -- Adverbs of quantification / David Lewis -- A idea of fact and semantic illustration / Hans Kamp -- dossier swap semantics and the familiarity thought of definiteness / Irene Heim -- at the projection challenge of presuppositions / Irene Heim -- towards a semantic research of verb element and the English "imperfective" revolutionary / David R. Dowty The nationwide classification of modality / Angelika Kratzer -- The algebra of occasions / Emmon Bach -- Generalized conjunction and kind ambiguity / Barbara H. Partee and Mats Rooth -- Noun word interpretation and type-shifting rules / Barbara H. Partee -- Syntax and semantics of questions / Lauri Karttunen -- Type-shifting ideas and the semantics of interrogatives / Jeroen Groenendijk and Martin Stokhof -- at the concept of 'affective' within the research of negative-polarity goods / William A. Ladusaw

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Fn i n >}, where each F is a lexical item, some arrangement of (set theoretic construction from) features, and each ij is an integer which refers to the number of times the lexical item has to be used. The operation Select applies to N by extracting a lexical item, handing it over to CHL, and decreasing the relevant index by one. Furthermore, no derivation converges unless N has been exhausted — that is, unless each index in N is 0. In other words, each lexical item must be selected so many times as specified by its original index.

A revised Reichenbachian framework The hypothesis we will develop here is that tenses instantiate relationships between events. According to this proposal, the logical form of a tense contains THE SYNTACTIC AND SEMANTIC BACKGROUND 27 terms referring to particular events, e and s (the speech event), and a term introducing a relationship of temporal precedence between them. Consider the following case, where a past verbal form appears: (44) a. John ate an apple. b. 38 Let us now consider compound tenses: (45) a.

For a discussion of the differences between full verbs and auxiliaries, we refer the reader to Pollock (1989), Belletti (1990), and Roberts (1993). NOTES TO CHAPTER 1 31 6. Following Larson (1988), we will propose in chapter 3 that, contrary to what might be claimed at first sight, temporal adverbs such as yesterday or at four are generated not in the Spec of T but in a position internal to the verbal projections. 7. The literature on these two topics is very rich, and we are not able to give an exhaustive list of all the relevant references.

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