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By R. Michael Alvarez

In aggressive and contested democratic elections, insuring integrity is necessary. comparing Elections indicates why systematic research and reporting of election functionality is critical and the way data-driven functionality administration can be utilized by way of election officers to enhance elections. The authors define how functionality administration platforms can functionality in elections and their merits for citizens, applicants, and political events. reporters, election directors, or even applicants frequently ask even if contemporary elections have been run good, even if there have been difficulties within the management of a selected state's elections, and the way good elections have been run around the kingdom. The authors clarify that such questions are tough to reply to due to the complexity of election management and since there's presently no usual or authorized framework to evaluate the overall caliber of an election.

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Before the 2000 presidential election, especially prior to the near-meltdown of the election process in Florida, awareness about the general conduct of elections in the United States, and in other democratic nations around the world, was quite low. When the Florida situation became apparent on election night, academics like us were just as perplexed as everyone else by the seeming inability of election officials in the state to produce a clear and consistent tabulation of the presidential election vote.

Subsequently, the concept of a residual vote has been widely used in many studies. , Ansolabehere 2002; Sinclair and Alvarez 2004). Stewart (2006) used the residual vote measure to assess the effects of voting technology innovations. Between 2000 and 2004, many counties replaced their old voting systems and adopted a new voting system, and Stewart took advantage of those innovations to assess the reduction in residual votes when election jurisdictions acquired new voting systems. Using the year 2000 as a baseline, Stewart found that the largest change in the residual vote rate came in jurisdictions that transitioned from punch cards to electronic voting systems.

Some data exist, but they are not being used systematically, as performance metrics, to address management and process improvement questions. Second, they are working in a policy environment where they are unable to repeatedly evaluate the true performance of their organization. They have only a limited, cross-sectional view of past performance, potential threats, and what the future may portend. Effective organizations can only be effective if they know (1) what they do, (2) how they do what they do, and (3) how well they do what they do.

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