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By Gilles Authier

This quantity is a suite of articles thinking about the typology of valency and valence swap in a wide and various pattern of languages that show ergative alignment of their grammar. The pattern of languages represented in those descriptive contributions covers many of the geographical parts and linguistic households during which ergativity has been identified to exist together with well-developed morphological voice, and a few languages belonging to households during which ergativity or voice weren't formerly well-known or properly defined prior to now.

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Set A on subject of intransitives (‘‘S’’ primitive), in the context of ergative alignment everywhere elsewhere (which would have meant set B for that argument). This situation is summarized in table 6 below. Table 6. Split ergativity by complementation type in Q’anjob’alan languages Intransitive Transitive Main Clause person marking Primitives Complement Clause person marking B V1 B A V1 S PA . . [ A V2itr] . . [B A V2tr] The examples in (8) show how, in main (non-embedded clauses) Jakaltek Popti’ follows the normal ergative alignment pattern of Mayan languages: (8) [Jakaltek Popti’, Craig (1977)] a.

In addition, several factors converge to facilitate syntactic argumentation about the ergative nature of Mayan grammar: for one, transitivity is marked throughout with multiple a‰xations, not just by these person markers, and, furthermore, the segmentability of the forms and their limited involvement in morphophonological processes make them quite transparent and easy to use for syntactic argumentation. 4. 1. Overview of the morphosyntax of the di¤erence voices The presentation of the morphosyntactic characteristics of the Mayan voices will be cast in a framework handling the interaction of the following types of elements:23 21.

In the same way discussions of the existence of antipassive voices in ergative languages were later extended to identifying antipassive-like voices in nonergative languages, as argued early by Postal for French (1977) for instance, the construction Givo´n treats as non-canonical voices, lacking all the morphosyntactic devices of the corresponding canonical voice but functioning in discourse-like one. This is discussed further below. 42 Colette Grinevald and Marc Peake The innovative patterns of text counts proposed by Givo´n for studies of topic continuity in discourse (1983) were also the source of the ‘‘Functional analysis of Akatek voice constructions’’ by Zavala (1997).

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