By Gary W. Cox
The superb Court's reapportionment judgements, starting with Baker v. Carr in 1962, had excess of jurisprudential outcomes. They sparked a big wave of notable redistricting within the mid-1960s. either kingdom legislative and congressional districts have been redrawn extra comprehensively--by far--than at any past time in our nation's background. furthermore, they replaced what might legally ensue should still a country govt fail to enact a brand new districting plan whilst one was once legally required. This publication presents the 1st targeted research of ways judicial partisanship affected redistricting results within the Sixties, arguing that the reapportionment revolution led ultimately to 3 primary alterations within the nature of congressional elections: the abrupt eradication of a 6% pro-Republican bias within the translation of congressional votes into seats open air the south; the abrupt raise within the obvious good thing about incumbents; and the abrupt alteration of the 2 events' luck in congressional recruitment and elections.
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Additional resources for Elbridge Gerry's Salamander: The Electoral Consequences of the Reapportionment Revolution (Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions)
Did the redistricting parties in Elliott’s study do so well simply because redistricting increased the swing ratio without really conferring any specifically partisan advantage? 5 Noragon’s study is less useful than it might be in part because he selects on the dependent variable (King, Keohane, and Verba 1994). The 41 districts that Noragon chose to study were those that underwent significant political alteration, changing from marginal Democratic to safe Republican seats, for example. But we cannot really conclude from the fact that most of these cases benefited the Republicans that the Republicans did well overall.
The weak party views bias as a “bad” (∂Ew/∂l < 0) for all (r,l). Proof: Obvious. Lemma 2: If m > 0 and l ≥ 0, then the slope of the strong party’s indifference curves will be no less than -m. Proof: We need to show that dl/dr ≥ -m along any level curve of E[u(s(x))]. Taking the total derivative along an arbitrary level curve, one finds that dl/dr = (-∂Eu/∂r)/(∂Eu/∂l). Now, ∂Eu e rx e - l = Ú u¢ j (x)dx = Ú u ¢s(x)[1 - s(x)]j (x)dx, 2 ∂l (e - l + e rx ) the second equality following from equation (2) and from the fact that 1 - s(x;r,l) = (e-l)/(e-l + erx).
Second, our analysis in the next chapter is confined to automatic reversions. We take up the case of discretionary reversions in Chapters 5 and 6. conclusion In this chapter, we have developed a model of the redistricting process that highlights the importance of two factors: first, unified or divided control of state government; second, the nature of the reversionary outcome should the state legislature and governor fail to agree on a new districting plan. The importance of keeping track of which party controls the state government enacting a new districting statute is readily and widely appreciated.