Download Dire Demographics: Population Trends in the Russian by Julie Davanzo PDF

By Julie Davanzo

Within the previous few a long time of the 20 th century, Russian demographics underwent a few very important adjustments, together with reduce fertility premiums and better dying charges. This record stories the criteria in the back of those traits and exhibits that they elevate monstrous demanding situations for policymakers inside of Russia.

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Extra info for Dire Demographics: Population Trends in the Russian Federation (Population Matters)

Example text

It reflects the number of years a child born in a particular year could be expected to live if the age-specific mortality rates of that year apply throughout the child’s life. , males and females, Russians and others), we can summarize health and mortality conditions for these groups. Life expectancies are better than crude death rates, or the raw number of deaths per 1,000 population in a given year, for comparing mortality conditions across time or place, because crude death rates can be affected by differences in population age structure, with older populations having higher crude death rates.

In 1955, two years after the death of Stalin, the Supreme Soviet repealed his prohibitions against the procedure, citing in part the need to reduce “the harm caused to the health of women by abortions performed outside of hospitals” (Popov and David, 1999). Still, Soviet authorities continued to view abortion and low fertility rates as temporary phenomena in a socialist society. Russian abortion rates climbed rapidly after relegalization, in part because of increasing urbanization and the desires of urban couples for smaller families.

Birth control pills) is growing rapidly, with about two million women using this method. ______________ 6 Long-term data on IUD use show a very rapid rise in IUD use in the 1980s followed by a decline in the 1990s (Zakharov, 2000b). 9 percent. 3 percent. Data on abortion are not available past 1997. 2 percent. Pre-1988 data on hormonal contraceptive usage are not available. 34 Dire Demographics: Population Trends in the Russian Federation There may, however, be limits to the growth in use of hormonal contraceptives (Bohlen, 1999).

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