Download Die Nestorianer und der frühe Islam: Wechselwirkungen by Marijke Metselaar PDF

By Marijke Metselaar

Die Darstellung der Begegnungen der ostsyrischen Christen («Nestorianer») im ehemaligen Perserreich mit dem frühen Islam ist für die heutige Auseinandersetzung von Christentum und Islam von größter Relevanz. Sowohl die Theologie und Gelehrsamkeit der Nestorianer werden in diesem Buch behandelt, als auch ihre erfolgreiche venture unter den benachbarten arabischen Stämmen. Weiter wird die Entwicklung der ostsyrischen Kirche nach dem Siegeszug der Araber herausgearbeitet. Nachdem diese Bagdad im Jahre 762 zu ihrer Hauptstadt gemacht hatten, nahmen die Kontakte zu, weil die Nestorianer hier die christliche Mehrheit bildeten. Die Rekonstruktion dieser Wechselwirkungen zwischen den gelehrten Nestorianern und den neuen arabischen Herrschern, des Sinns und Zwecks ihrer Religionsgespräche und der Rolle der christlichen Araber könnte gerade heute hilfreich sein, die eigene culture und die der Nachbarn in einer neuen Perspektive zu sehen.

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Extra info for Die Nestorianer und der frühe Islam: Wechselwirkungen zwischen den ostsyrischen Christen und ihren arabischen Nachbarn

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Polybius provides important evidence for the views of both of these authors. However, it is important to be aware of the shortcomings of reconstructing their views through Polybius’ critical eyes. , Pol. ”70 As for Ephorus, the comment preserved in Pol. 25). g. ”74 Nevertheless, there is 69. Luce, The Greek Historians, 103. See also V. Gray, The Character of Xenophon’s Hellenica (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989), 74–75, for a discussion of Xenophon’s sources in the Hellenica.

That the Archaeology is based on reasoning from probability is widely acknowledged. , Hunter, Past and Process, 32–36; Luce, The Greek Historians, 74. 59. Luce, The Greek Historians, 74. 60. Shrimpton, History and Memory, 101, advances a possible reason for the absence of reference to written documents in Thucydides methodological discussion: “in the archaic period there was a popular epigraphic convention that made inanimate objects address the reader as if they were persons. Herodotus speaks of his sources almost exclusively as if they were oral, but some, such as Hecataeus, are known to have been literary.

Edu/bmcr/>. , Pritchett, The Liar School, 43. 16. ” Fehling claims, for example, that the birth story of Cyrus could not be Persian but actually “originates in a Greek pun, Cyrus (Kuros) and god (kuwn)”; see Fehling, Herodotus and His “Sources”, 110. However, as Pritchett (The Liar School, 3) points out, the “legend of the exposure of a future king and his suckling by an unlikely animal” is common in the ancient Near East. 17. This observation is made by Shrimpton, History and Memory, 229. See also J.

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