Download Definiteness (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) by Christopher Lyons PDF

By Christopher Lyons

This 1999 textbook investigates definiteness either from a comparative and a theoretical perspective, exhibiting how languages exhibit definiteness and what definiteness is. It surveys numerous languages to find the diversity of version when it comes to definiteness and similar grammatical phenomena, reminiscent of demonstratives, possessives and private pronouns. It outlines paintings performed at the nature of definiteness in semantics, pragmatics and syntax, and develops an account on which definiteness is a grammatical class represented in syntax as a practical head (the greatly mentioned D). attention can also be given to the origins and evolution of yes articles within the gentle of the comparative and theoretical findings. one of the claims complicated are that definiteness doesn't take place in all languages, even though the pragmatic notion which it grammaticalizes most likely does.

Show description

Read Online or Download Definiteness (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) PDF

Similar semantics books

The Parameter of Aspect

This paintings provides a unified thought of point inside of common Grammar. It presents an strange mixture of syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic techniques to a unmarried area, and offers designated linguistic analyses of 5 languages with very assorted aspectual platforms: English, French, Mandarin chinese language, Navajo and Russian.

Frege on Definitions: A Case Study of Semantic Content

During this brief monograph, John Horty explores the problems awarded for Gottlob Frege's semantic concept, in addition to its smooth descendents, via the therapy of outlined expressions. The e-book starts through targeting the mental constraints governing Frege's concept of experience, or that means, and argues that, given those constraints, even the remedy of straightforward stipulative definitions led Frege to special problems.

The Discourse of Italian Cinema and Beyond: Let Cinema Speak

Linguistic research of the discussion of Italian cinema, utilizing suggestions and methodologies from pragmatics, dialog research and discourse research.

Additional info for Definiteness (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics)

Example text

The deictic feature typically expressed on a demonstrative plays a similar role to pointing, guiding the hearer’s attention to the referent. This suggests a necessary connection between [+ Dem] and [+ Def ], the former implying the latter. I take demonstratives, then, to be necessarily definite. 3 Proper nouns The term “proper noun”, or “proper name”, is applied to a very heterogeneous set of expressions, including John, The Arc de Triomphe, South Farm Road, some of which have internal grammatical structure and contain descriptive elements, and some of which do not.

This idea is strongly supported by the observation that the firstand second-person plural pronouns we and you also occur pre-nominally: (74) a. b. We Europeans are experiencing some strange weather patterns. I don’t trust you politicians an inch. So we and you can be regarded as forms of the definite article, dicering from the only in respect to person, but occurring both as determiners and as pronouns; suppletive variation is limited to the third person. , You lucky bastard!. ). I can suggest no reason for this restriction, but it is, at least in part, a language-specific fact; German permits both the exclamatory use and the more general use with ich ‘I’: (75) Ich Esel!

In view of these facts, one must ask whether a and sm really are indefinite articles.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.87 of 5 – based on 23 votes