By Cliff Goddard
Cross-linguistic semantics – investigating how languages package deal and exhibit meanings in a different way – is principal to the linguistic quest to appreciate the character of human language. This set of reviews explores and demonstrates cross-linguistic semantics as practised within the usual semantic metalanguage (NSM) framework, originated by way of Anna Wierzbicka. the hole chapters supply a state of the art evaluation of the NSM version, suggest numerous theoretical techniques and improve a few unique analyses in reference to names and naming, clefts and different specificational sentences, and discourse anaphora. next chapters describe and examine different phenomena in ten languages from a number of households, geographical destinations, and cultural settings world wide. 3 enormous experiences rfile how the metalanguage of NSM semantic primes might be realised in languages of commonly differing kinds: Amharic (Ethiopia), Korean, and East Cree. every one constitutes a lexicogrammatical portrait in miniature of the language involved. different chapters probe issues resembling inalienable ownership in Koromu (Papua New Guinea), epistemic verbs in Swedish, hyperpolysemy in Bunuba (Australia), the expression of "momentariness" in Berber, ethnogeometry in Makasai (East Timor), price techniques in Russian, and “virtuous feelings” in eastern. This booklet can be useful for linguists engaged on language description, lexical semantics, or the semantics of grammar, for complex scholars of linguistics, and for others drawn to language universals and language range.
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Extra resources for Cross-Linguistic Semantics (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Kempson, Ruth. 1977. Semantic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ). 1996. The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Oxford: Blackwell. Lehrman, Alexander. 2006. Meaning as grammar. Language Sciences 28: 497–507. Levinson, Stephen C. 2005. Comments on Daniel L. Everett, Cultural constraints on grammar and cognition in Pirahã. Current Anthropology 46(4): 637–638. Majid, Asifa, Enfield, N. J. and van Staden, Miriam (eds). 2006. Parts of the body: Crosslinguistic categorisation. Special Issue of Language Sciences 28(2/3): 137–360.
Cognitive Linguistics 9(3): 239–282. Bohnemeyer, Jürgen. 2003. NSM without the Strong Lexicalization Hypothesis. Theoretical Linguistics [Special Issue on “Natural Semantic Metalanguage”, edited by Uwe Durst] 29(3): 223–226. Brotherson, Anna. This volume. The ethnogeometry of Makasai (East Timor). ), 259–276. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Chappell, Hilary. 2002. The universal syntax of semantic primes in Mandarin Chinese. In Meaning and Universal Grammar – Theory and Empirical Findings, Vol. I, Cliff Goddard and Anna Wierzbicka (eds), 243–322.
Dordrecht: Reidel. Meira, Sérgio. 2006. Tiriyó body part terms. Language Sciences [Special Issue on “Parts of the body: Cross-linguistic categorisation”, edited by Asifa Majid, N. J. Enfield and Miriam van Staden] 28(2/3): 262–279. Mel’čuk, Igor A. 1989. Semantic primitives from the viewpoint of the Meaning-Text Linguistic Theory. Quaderni di Semantica 10(1): 65–102. Myhill, John. 1996. Is BAD a semantic primitive: Evidence from Biblical Hebrew. Lexicology 2(2): 99–126. Peeters, Bert. ). 2006. Semantic Primes and Universal Grammar.