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By Philip Gounev

In Corruption and Organised Crime in Europe, Gounev and Ruggiero current a dialogue of the relation among geared up criminals and corruption within the EU’s 27 Member States. The publication attracts on study and scholarly paintings the editors performed, respectively, in the heart for the examine of Democracy (CSD) in Bulgaria, and inside of educational associations, in addition to on behalf of the ecu fee and the United Nations.

Combining empirical information and theoretical debates, the e-book specializes in 3 major parts of the connection among corruption and organised crime: public our bodies, the non-public area and legal markets. It provides the findings of a contemporary learn venture conducted by way of the CSD on behalf of the eu fee, delivering an research of the explicit nationwide contexts during which corruption and arranged crime thrive. The essays additionally deal with institutional responses and guidelines, focusing rather on how european Member States try and sever the hyperlinks among the professional economic climate, the political sphere and arranged crime.

The moment a part of the e-book provides case stories, written via a number of the greatest foreign specialists at the material, analysing corrupt trade and felony organizations, focusing on particular ecu nations – Bulgaria, France, Greece, Italy, Russia, Spain and the united kingdom. because the first finished examine of corruption and organised crime within the nations of the ecu Union, the booklet might be a helpful source for college kids and students of criminology, sociology, legislation and overseas politics, besides coverage makers and law-enforcement agencies.

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Additional resources for Corruption and Organized Crime in Europe: Illegal partnerships

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These figures indicate that a corrupt business environment is not necessarily conducive to a Corruption and the disappearance of the victim 31 strong organised crime presence in the legitimate business sphere. For instance, in Hungary, corrupt business practices in the public and private sectors are more widespread than in Romania. But the presence of organised crime is low in Hungary, while it is high in Romania. On the other hand, the data indicate that companies with criminal links are not necessarily more likely to use corruption than are legitimate companies, as a strong presence of the former in the market does not result in general, in higher levels of corruption.

2008). Another increasingly used approach to measuring corruption aims at quantifying examples and experiences of it. The European International Crime Survey (EU ICS), TI’s Global Corruption Barometer and the Eurobarometer survey (2008) are three examples of surveys measuring the experiences of ordinary citizens of corruption. Private sector corruption is measured via instruments such as TI’s Bribe Payers Index (BPI), or the EBRD / World Banks Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS).

Organised crime, moreover, may attempt to corrupt representatives of institutional agencies with a view to avoiding prosecution or gaining access to markets and resources (Maltz, 1994; Finckenauer, 2005; Gounev and Bezlov, 2009). Research has addressed the smuggling of human beings and of art, both requiring joint efforts of public officials and organised crime members (Fisman and Wei, 2009). ‘Kleptocratic interdependence’ has also been examined, showing that the symbiotic inter-relationships between criminal organisations and domestic corruption provide the criminal and the corruptible with new economic and political opportunities (Greenhill, 2009).

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