By José María Maravall, Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca
This publication contributes to debates in optimistic democratic concept approximately responsibility and illustration. It bridges the distance among formal types and theoretically susceptible empirical analyses. The chapters remain as regards to the result of the formal literature, yet they supply a extra life like description of ways the democratic keep watch over of governments operates. The booklet reports the various stumbling blocks that voters face to carry governments liable: (1) electorate mix judgments of prior functionality with different concerns - comparable to ideological or ethnic standards; (2) events in workplace could restrict the data of citizens; and (3) associations bias the workout of responsibility.
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Extra resources for Controlling Governments: Voters, Institutions, and Accountability
Variations in inflation and in the rest of the control variables do not affect the vote for parties in government. An agreement with the IMF is not statistically significant. 3), the institutional system does not account for this finding because the variable does not have a statistically significant effect. Finally, the type of government, single versus coalition cabinet, does not affect electoral variations. Electors do not seem to be sensitive to political responsibility. 34 16:8 P1: ICD 9780521884105c01a CUFX184/Maravall 978 0 521 88410 5 Printer: cupusbw October 25, 2007 Explaining the Electoral Performance of Incumbents in Democracies To make sure that inflation is irrelevant to explaining electoral performance, the second model introduces the effect of both hyperinflation and a severe anti-inflationary policy.
Political circumstances are crucial: when there is a coalition cabinet, the implementation of their political program would be rather difficult. This circumstance is considered in the analysis. Other factors may also interfere with political action. Consider a democracy in which a party wants to expand public expenditure by investing more economic resources in education or health. This party may be unable to implement its expansive policy if it has to confront a debt that absorbs a considerable part of public expenditure.
79 for the correlation between the logarithm of per capita real income and the logarithm of life expectancy. An index of corruption from the International Country Risk Guide to Corruption in the Political System may be used for testing whether voters care about the quality of politicians. But because this index starts in the 1980s, the variable reduces considerably the size of the sample. Previous multivariate regression analysis does, however, show that the variation of corruption does not have a statistically significant effect on electoral performance.