Download Contexts of Metaphor (Current Research in the Semantics by LEEZENBERG PDF

By LEEZENBERG

This examine provides an method of metaphor that systematically takes contextual components under consideration. It analyses how metaphors either rely on, and alter, the context within which they're uttered, and particularly, how metaphorical interpretation contains the articulation of asserted, implied and presupposed fabric. It vitamins this semantic research with a practice-based account of metaphor on the conceptual point, which stresses the function of sociocultural components in inspiration formation.

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16a26 merely requires that a sound functions as a symbol in order to be conventional, not that it has a wholly fixed conventional signification. Further, conventions may obviously change over time, and there is no reason to think that Aristotle would deny that metaphorical use may Aristotle 39 involve precisely such a change of convention: especially metaphors used to name the nameless may easily become the conventional or current way of expressing something. , its successful employment in discursive or argumentative prose.

Goody (1977: ch. 1) has argued the need for a developmental perspective, as literacy remained the privilege of a small social class for a longtime, and did not become widespread until the nineteenth century. And in effect, we can still see traces of oral traditions in the earliest written versions of Mesopotamian epics: apart from a high degree of repetition, these show a 'magical' attitude to spoken words held to be characteristic of oral societies, although this attitude may more adequately be said to reflect the performative character of such ritualized language.

G. calling actors either 'artists' or 'Dionysus groupies': he says, significantly, that both expressions are metaphors (the former being a species-genus metaphor, and the latter presumably involving an analogon-ttansfer), but only the latter is a term of abuse. In this context, then, ek ton cmalogou is an evaluative phrase rather than a descriptive one, unlike kata to analogon in the Poetics: an inappropriate metaphor puts something else before the hearer's eyes than the speaker should want. , to the effects to be achieved, in constructing his metaphors.

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