By Ewa Dabrowska
Drawing at the conceptual gear of cognitive grammar, this article goals to carry order into the array of makes use of by means of delivering a unified semantic characterization of the dative case which subsumes either "lexically ruled" and "free" datives.
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Additional info for Cognitive Semantics and the Polish Dative
62) c. Sluzyt im za ngdzne grosze. ' The dative and the semantics of the verb (63) a. 33 Twoja pomoc umozliwila mi kontynuacjq your help:NOM made possible me:DAT continuation:ACC studiow. ' (63) b. Mogq ci zalatwic swietnqfuchg. ' (63) c. Zorganizowalismy dzieciom zabawg noworocznq. ' (63) d. Zaaranzowal mi kilka koncertöw, ale to wszystko. ' (63) e. Kierownik poszedl nam na i udostgpnil nam caly obiekt. ' (63) f. Bardzo mi ulatwiles zadanie. ' (64) a. Bardzo nam przeszkadzal. ' (64) b. Byl nieznosny, do wszystkiego mi si§ wtrqcal/ mieszal.
This would still increase one's sphere of influence, thereby motivating the use of the dative case. Thus with verbs which denote an act of giving access to an object or making something available, the person who acquires the right to use the object is expressed by means of a dative nominal. (56) a. Piotr udostgpnil nam swöj ksifgozbior. ' (56) b. Kowalscy odnajmujq poköj wczasowiczom. ' (56) c. Kasia ustqpila miejsca staruszce. ' (56) d. Mogq ci tylko zaoferowac mojego starego fiata. ' In the above examples, the verbs themselves presuppose the existence of the person who gains the right to use the object.
In other cases, the verb may evoke the TP less saliently. For example, verbs of preparing do not make direct reference to a target person. They do, however, evoke a future use, which of course entails a user. Since preparing an object for use increases the user's potency, the perpetrator of the future act is indirectly affected, and can be introduced into the sentence by means of a dative noun phrase (57a). However, it is possible to prepare an object for future use without having any particular user in mind.