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By Rongxing Guo

Although nearly all of China’s inhabitants is of the Han nationality (which debts for greater than ninety% of China’s population), the non-Han ethnic teams have a inhabitants of greater than a hundred million. in the past, China has formally pointed out, apart from different unknown ethnic teams and foreigners with chinese language citizenship, fifty six ethnic teams. additionally, ethnic teams range broadly in dimension. With a inhabitants of greater than 15 million, the Zhuang have the biggest ethnic minority, and the Lhoba, with in simple terms thousand or extra, the smallest. China’s ethnic range has ended in a unique socioeconomic panorama of China itself. This ebook develops an entire socioeconomic photograph and an in depth and related set of knowledge for every of China’s ethnic teams. There haven't been any distinct facts on China’s socioeconomic statistics from multi-ethnic measurement. the one reputable information published are available in China Ethnic Statistical Yearbook (released through the nation fee of Ethnic Affairs (SCEA) of the People’s Republic of China in view that 1994). even though, as this Yearbook has in simple terms stated the socioeconomic information for the minority-based self reliant parts, an entire set of China’s multi-ethnic info can't be derived from it. This ebook presents a wide choice of facts on China’s fifty six ethnic teams and profiles the demography, cultural, financial system, and enterprise climates for every of China’s diversified ethnic groups.

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Extra resources for China’s Multicultural Economies: Social and Economic Indicators

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China 1995 China 2000 China 2005 China 2010 Achang Bai Baonan Blang Buyi Dai Daur Deang Derung Dong Dongxiang Ewenki Gaoshan Gelao Han Hani Hezhe Hui Jing Jingpo Jino Kazak Kirgiz Korean Lahu Lhoba Li Lisu Manchu 6,074 10,608 17,476 33,939 19 999 23 50 1,701 628 142 10 4 1,498 715 36 3 331 790,597 781 3 18,099 12 72 11 2,241 287 1,234 246 16 4,093 341 7,568 9,750 17,010 32,799 19 1,066 21 51 2,205 640 150 10 5 1,884 609 39 4 431 850,411 796 4 25,689 15 73 12 2,009 257 1,701 250 46 4,272 346 9,218 11,105 20,272 44,118 28 1,547 25 76 3,084 951 182 15 7 2,495 742 44 5 603 1,114,428 1,183 5 24,743 18 109 17 3,159 404 2,513 372 57 7,446 512 12,295 (continued) 45 2 Employment and Income Distribution Maonan Miao Monba Mongol Mulao Naxi Nu Oroqen Pumi Qiang Russian Salar She Shui Tajik Tatar Tibetan Tu Tujia Uygur Uzbek Va Xibe Yao Yi Yugur Zhuang Ethnic group China 1995 China 2000 China 2005 China 2010 Achang Bai Baonan Blang Buyi Dai Daur Deang Derung Dong Dongxiang Ewenki Gaoshan Gelao 56 4,972 51 6,477 107 174 18 8 18 110 24 254 554 231 72 9 18,469 553 4,425 15,023 22 215 155 1,253 3,843 19 8,303 Others 6,483 9,888 11,230 25,253 15 839 12 41 1,521 515 108 8 4 1,422 363 28 3 297 72 6,001 145 7,274 135 190 23 8 19 98 24 431 528 298 65 8 47,369 933 4,964 13,477 20 219 186 1,508 3,958 16 10,232 Units with funds from Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan 7,711 12,210 17,833 31,983 20 1,094 15 55 1,865 691 147 11 5 1,594 416 37 4 364 90 8,139 179 8,464 166 276 32 10 28 121 34 529 782 416 102 12 58,265 1,144 6,122 21,195 31 324 264 1,867 5,640 19 12,559 Foreign funded units 8,812 15,692 23,625 41,739 23 1,255 24 62 2,350 782 159 12 6 2,049 714 41 4 460 (continued) 46 2 Employment and Income Distribution Ethnic group Others Units with funds from Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan Han Hani Hezhe Hui Jing Jingpo Jino Kazak Kirgiz Korean Lahu Lhoba Li Lisu Manchu Maonan Miao Monba Mongol Mulao Naxi Nu Oroqen Pumi Qiang Russian Salar She Shui Tajik Tatar Tibetan Tu Tujia Uygur Uzbek Va Xibe Yao Yi Yugur Zhuang 684,224 641 3 15,087 12 59 9 1,353 173 1,477 201 5 3,507 279 6,528 54 4,619 16 5,163 104 139 13 6 15 93 16 292 544 207 44 5 8,682 636 4,196 9,078 13 176 130 1,243 3,209 9 8,084 778,779 859 4 19,525 11 79 13 1,724 221 1,651 270 0 3,882 373 9,214 56 5,371 1 6,943 104 183 17 8 20 102 21 485 487 253 56 7 6,705 1,049 4,741 11,559 17 235 174 1,214 4,091 11 7,908 Foreign funded units 955,793 972 4 24,118 19 89 14 2,123 271 2,587 305 0 4,634 422 10,969 90 6,587 1 7,812 175 207 19 9 23 116 26 460 559 322 69 8 6,621 997 5,666 14,226 21 266 202 1,863 4,699 19 13,568 Note: “Average Wage” refers to the average wage in money terms per person during a certain period of time for staff and workers in enterprises, institutions, and government agencies, which reflects the general level of wage income during a certain period of time and is calculated as follows: Average Wage = “Total Wages of Staff and Workers at Reference Time”÷“Average Number of Staff and Workers at Reference Time”.

95 Note: Data of national total include the servicemen and the population with permanent residence difficult to define while ethnic breakdowns do not include them Population with various education attainment (unit: person/million persons) Ethnic group Primary school 2000 2010 Junior secondary school 2000 2010 National total Achang Bai Baonan Blang Buyi Dai Daur Deang Derung Dong Dongxiang Ewenki Gaoshan Gelao Han Hani Hezhe Hui Jing Jingpo Jino Kazak Kirgiz Korean Lahu Lhoba 3,570 4 194 3 10 362 122 16 2 1 294 81 4 0 71 89,754 152 0 2,329 2 14 2 257 33 209 48 3 2,677 3 184 3 9 326 118 13 2 1 248 71 3 0 64 68,669 147 0 2,181 2 13 2 204 26 152 46 4 3,396 2 96 2 5 174 58 18 1 0 177 54 4 0 34 87,963 72 1 1,959 2 7 1 186 24 236 23 1 3,878 2 125 2 6 250 75 20 1 1 231 70 5 0 49 100,484 94 1 2,340 2 9 1 244 31 275 29 1 (continued) 1 17 Population Li Lisu Manchu Maonan Miao Monba Mongol Mulao Naxi Nu Oroqen Pumi Qiang Russian Salar She Shui Tajik Tatar Tibetan Tu Tujia Uygur Uzbek Va Xibe Yao Yi Yugur Zhuang Ethnic group National total Achang Bai Baonan Blang Buyi Dai Daur Deang Derung Dong Dongxiang 542 66 860 11 943 10 749 20 33 3 1 4 16 3 59 71 49 8 1 3,688 128 697 1,721 3 41 19 223 720 2 1,553 360 64 633 9 806 12 619 16 33 3 1 3 13 2 66 56 44 7 1 4,317 143 534 1,364 2 40 14 169 672 2 1,190 Senior secondary/ secondary technical school 2000 2010 1,114 1 30 1 1 49 18 7 0 0 52 22 1,403 1 38 1 2 63 23 8 0 0 67 27 509 32 1,079 7 557 2 808 15 16 2 1 2 11 2 41 61 24 6 1 1,158 89 522 1,250 2 20 21 174 368 1 1,169 654 41 1,218 9 724 4 918 18 20 2 1 2 13 3 48 69 34 8 1 1,888 105 616 1,638 2 26 24 206 475 2 1,407 Junior college and above 2000 2010 361 0 9 0 0 16 6 2 0 0 16 7 893 0 26 1 1 45 16 5 0 0 42 18 (continued) 18 1 Population Ethnic group Senior secondary/ secondary technical school 2000 2010 Junior college and above 2000 2010 Ewenki Gaoshan Gelao Han Hani Hezhe Hui Jing Jingpo Jino Kazak Kirgiz Korean Lahu Lhoba Li Lisu Manchu Maonan Miao Monba Mongol Mulao Naxi Nu Oroqen Pumi Qiang Russian Salar She Shui Tajik Tatar Tibetan Tu Tujia Uygur Uzbek Va Xibe Yao Yi Yugur Zhuang 2 0 9 32,138 22 0 816 1 2 0 82 10 97 7 0 195 10 398 2 167 1 320 4 5 0 0 1 3 1 20 19 7 3 0 584 43 166 549 1 6 8 53 109 1 351 1 0 3 11,411 7 0 292 0 1 0 35 4 35 2 0 50 3 169 1 52 0 99 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 6 6 2 1 0 202 13 51 233 0 2 3 14 34 0 90 2 0 12 38,068 29 0 897 1 3 0 78 10 107 9 0 229 12 436 3 219 1 349 5 6 1 0 1 4 1 20 25 9 3 0 685 43 229 526 1 8 8 65 143 1 409 1 0 9 26,539 20 0 697 0 2 0 72 9 69 6 1 122 9 342 2 140 2 247 3 4 0 0 0 3 1 16 15 6 2 0 733 35 138 483 1 5 7 35 97 0 226 Notes: (1) Data in 2000 come from Major Figures of the 5th National Population Census in 2000, which is compiled by Population Census Office under the State Council.

1 11 Population Age composition of population (unit: 1,000 persons) Ethnic group Total population Population by age group Age 0–14 Age 15–64 National total Achang Bai Baonan Blang Buyi Dai Daur Deang Derung Dong Dongxiang Ewenki Gaoshan Gelao Han Hani Hezhe Hui Jing Jingpo Jino Kazak Kirgiz Korean Lahu Lhoba Li Lisu Manchu Maonan Miao Monba Mongol Mulao Naxi Nu Oroqen Pumi Qiang Russian Salar She Shui 1,339,725 37 1,992 17 100 2,950 1,257 141 19 8 3,001 533 32 5 574 1,220,612 1,562 5 10,814 24 143 23 1,477 190 2,008 492 3 1,422 687 11,363 111 9,083 10 6,187 217 334 31 9 36 299 18 120 787 405 222,460 8 415 3 21 730 260 19 4 2 659 99 5 1 143 199,919 323 1 1,998 5 30 5 307 39 243 102 1 287 141 1,461 25 1,961 2 886 48 69 6 1 8 51 3 25 127 100 998,433 26 1,420 13 71 1,967 901 111 14 6 2,073 392 25 4 382 911,334 1,120 4 7,972 16 103 16 1,079 139 1,592 353 2 1,024 492 8,847 76 6,311 7 4,808 150 240 22 7 26 216 13 88 594 270 Age 65+ 118,832 3 157 1 8 253 96 11 1 1 269 42 2 0 49 109,360 119 0 844 2 11 2 92 12 174 38 0 111 53 1,054 10 811 1 493 20 26 2 1 3 33 1 8 65 35 (continued) 12 Ethnic group Tajik Tatar Tibetan Tu Tujia Uygur Uzbek Va Xibe Yao Yi Yugur Zhuang 1 Total population 48 6 5,951 276 8,004 9,921 15 430 203 2,801 8,109 14 17,130 Population by age group Age 0–14 Age 15–64 10 1 1,276 56 1,424 2,058 3 89 27 564 1,636 3 3,663 35 4 4,264 201 5,811 7,247 11 308 157 1,984 5,777 10 11,923 Population Age 65+ 3 0 411 18 768 616 1 33 19 253 697 1 1,544 Notes: (1) Data in this table are obtained from the advance tabulation of the 6th National Population Census, with zero hour of November 1, 2010 as the reference time.

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