By Pippa Norris, Andrea Abel van Es
Funds in crucial for electoral politics but its use and abuse usually increases difficulties of graft, corruption, and cronyism. To throw new mild on those demanding situations, this publication addresses 3 similar questions: (1) What sorts of public rules are time-honored worldwide to control the function of cash in politics? This contains public subsidies to political events, spending limits and donor caps, and disclosure and transparency standards. (2) What triggers landmark reforms in political finance? (3) 'What works, ' what fails, and why - while international locations reform regulations? Read more...
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Additional info for Checkbook elections? : political finance in comparative perspective
Qog. se. Introduction 21 In chapter 2, Bruno Speck unpacks the transition from military dictatorship to democracy in Brazil, and how this transition both shaped and was shaped by access to money in the political arena. Two key pieces of legislation shaped the reform process in Brazil, the 1995 law on political parties and the 1997 law on elections. These reforms were triggered by a major political corruption scandal that ultimately resulted in the impeachment of President Collor de Melo in 1992.
The concept of “regimes” points to a far larger phenomenon than any single law, although the prevailing regulatory framework can be fundamentally altered by the passage of landmark legislation, major constitutional revisions, specific executive orders, or groundbreaking judicial decisions. Thus, this concept is broadly defined as the framework of public policies, legal statutes, judicial rulings, procedural rules, institutions, and informal social norms that regulate the role of money in politics.
It is most striking that the introduction or expansion of party subsidies has been one of the most common policy changes across many of the cases compared in this book, including Japan, South Africa, Britain, Russia, and Indonesia. Nevertheless this is not a universal trend; for example, the role of public funding has also simultaneously weakened over time for presidential elections in the United States. In the past, extraparliamentary political party organizations used to be treated in many mature democracies as voluntary associations located in civil society with a right to determine their own internal affairs, operational rules, and funding arrangements largely free of external interference and public scrutiny.