Download Change in Public Bureaucracies by Marshall W. Meyer PDF

By Marshall W. Meyer

This ebook examines intimately the method of swap in 240 urban, county and country public bureaucracies accountable for neighborhood finance management. utilizing the longitudinal approach to research, the knowledge exhibit organizational buildings to be less solid than traditional stereotypes have instructed. Variables similar to organizational management, claims to area, and survival (as against alternative or reorganization) have been stumbled on to mediate environmental results on bureaucracies. The e-book additionally discusses conventional theories of forms, theories emphasizing the significance of surroundings for organizational idea is feasible. The concluding bankruptcy attracts vast theoretical implications from the empirical findings of the examine.

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Comparing comparative studies An interesting result emerges when one compares these major empirical studies of organizations along two di­ mensions: the scope of data collected and the level of theoret­ ical development. The scope of data collected encompasses the number and diversity of organizations studied and the number of variables measured. The level of theoretical de­ velopment is judged by the range and generality of concepts used in interpreting empirical results. Quantitative assess­ ment of research studies along these dimensions is not easy, but some qualitative rankings are possible.

4 Indeed, the dominant tendency nowadays is to enrich or enlarge jobs so as to minimize the effects of low morale upon productivity. The literature on job enlarge­ ment, it should be noted, pertains mainly to industrial set­ tings. Weber's essay on bureaucracy, I believe, does not. Let us turn to another example. Weber has a preference for hierarchical reporting relationships, strict super- and subor­ dination, monocracy, and the like, such that officials are con- Issues in organizational theory 21 strained to vertical links with subordinates and a single superior and not allowed lateral relations with others to whom they are neither superior nor subordinate.

Bureaucracy is in this sense closely linked to egalitarian beliefs, whether or not they are democratic. On the surface, it would appear that the bureaucratic model is well suited for its purpose of administering fairly Issues in organizational theory 23 various codes and regulations. Weber, perhaps, was correct: Bureaucracy may be the most efficient means of carrying out administrative activities. Like the well-oiled machine, bu­ reaucracy does predictably what was intended once it was set into motion.

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