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By Kenneth G. Lieberthal, David M. Lampton

Utilizing a version of "fragmented authoritarianism," this quantity sharpens our view of the interior workings of the chinese language paperwork. The participants' interviews with politically well-placed bureaucrats and students, in addition to documentary and box study, remove darkness from the bargaining and maneuvering between officers at the nationwide, provincial, and native degrees.

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Extra resources for Bureaucracy, politics, and decision making in post-Mao China

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The grouping presented here reflects numerous discussions with Chinese officials and various studies on the policy-making process in China. Page 3 Organization and Personnel Bureaucracies. These run the system of personal dossiers and provide critical staff work for individual career assignments. While these bureaucracies do not themselves actually make personnel decisions, they can strongly influence those decisions through their power to collect and utilize data on individuals. Civilian Coercive Bureaucracies.

Paine finds that this mushy, resource-poor bureaucratic system is not characterized by extensive bargaining among its various units. Paine reveals, not bargaining to protect and enhance resources, but a process of "groping," where the Center sets vague standards, the locales implement the policies quite flexibly, and then there are iterations of interactive adjustment as units with very limited organizational resources seek to find ways to accomplish their tasks. In the process, these units adopt what Paine describes as "loosely jointed coping mechanisms'' to get things done.

Schroeder finds that the actual relationships among these various elements are fluid and that the system as a whole, therefore, lacks the institutional regularity necessary to permit reform decisions to have their desired effect. Andrew Walder, in his analysis in chapter 11 of the processes that determine the financial flows between city budgets and enterprises, argues that bargaining activity does not necessarily stem from fragmentation of authority, as the fragmented authoritarianism model has stressed.

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