By John Gribbin, Britannica
Who're an important women and men whose notions and theories have replaced the area? while Isaac Newton claimed that he purely observed additional simply because he stood at the shoulders of giants, he alluded to the lengthy checklist of geniuses that got here prior to him. The background of technological know-how is the tale of serious discoveries, flashes of instinct that experience replaced the way in which humans see the realm, exertions and exhausting calculation within the laboratory. The Britannica consultant to a hundred so much Influential Scientists is a party of the lives and paintings of the boys and girls who've replaced the way in which we glance on the global, the universe, and ourselves. contains contributions from most sensible identify scientists and writers such James Gleick on Richard Feynman; Michio Kaky on Einstein and Sir Harold Kroton at the Fulleriene (for which he gained an Nobel Prize). The Britannica advisor to a hundred so much Influential Scientists is brought by means of John Gribbin. he's the writer of approximately a hundred well known technology books, together with the best-selling looking for SCHRODINGER'S CAT. He has acquired awards for his writing either within the usa and in Britain. The holder of a PhD in astrophysics from the college of Cambridge, he nonetheless continues hyperlinks with examine as a vacationing Fellow in Astronomy on the college of Sussex, and used to be a member of a crew there that measured the age of the Universe. whereas nonetheless a pupil, he got the distinguished Annual Award of the Gravity learn starting place within the usa, the one pupil, and the 1st Englishman operating in England, ever to obtain this award.
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He played an important role in the defence of Syracuse against the siege laid by the Romans in 213 Be by constructing war machines so effective that they long delayed the capture of the city. When Syracuse eventually fell to the Roman general Marcus Claudius Marcellus in the autumn of 212 or spring of 211 Be, Archimedes was killed in the sack of the city. Far more details survive about the life of Archimedes than about any other ancient scientist, but they are largely anecdotal, reflecting the impression that his mechanical genius made on the popular imagination.
With the decline of the ancient world and the loss of the Greek texts on which Pliny had so heavily depended, the Natural History became a substitute for a general education. In the European Middle Ages many of the larger monastic libraries possessed copies of the work; these and many abridged versions ensured Pliny's place in European 22 THE 100 MOST INFLUENTI AL SCIENTISTS literature. His authority was unchallenged, partly because of a lack of more reliable information and partly because his assertions were not, and in many cases could not, be tested.
270c. 215 Be). Archimedes published his works in the form of correspondence with the principal mathematicians of his time, including the Alexandrian scholars Conon of Samosand Eratosthenes of Cyrene. He played an important role in the defence of Syracuse against the siege laid by the Romans in 213 Be by constructing war machines so effective that they long delayed the capture of the city. When Syracuse eventually fell to the Roman general Marcus Claudius Marcellus in the autumn of 212 or spring of 211 Be, Archimedes was killed in the sack of the city.