By Carol Tenny
All paintings is figure in growth. the tips built during this paintings should be (and most likely may be) constructed additional, revised, and multiplied. however it used to be time to jot down them down and ship them out. a few of these rules approximately linking had their origins in my 1987 dissertation. notwithstanding, this paintings has grown past the dissertation in a couple of very important methods. crucial of those advances lie in, first, articulating aspectual roles as linguistic gadgets over which lexical semantic phenomena might be acknowledged, and over which linking generalizations are said; moment, spotting that syntactic phenomena can be labeled to whether or no longer they're delicate to the center occasion of occasion constitution; and 3rd, spotting the modularity of aspectual and thematic/conceptual constitution, and associating that modularity with a distinction among language-specific and common language generalizations. the 3 chapters of the e-book are equipped round those principles. i've got attempted to kingdom those rules as robust theses. the place they make powerful predictions i've got intended them to take action, as a explore for destiny study. i'm hoping that different researchers will take in the problem to enquire, attempt and increase those principles throughout a much wider realm of languages than I --as one individual --can do.
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Extra resources for Aspectual Roles and the Syntax-Semantics Interface
Brian ate a meal. c. Brian ate. The verb eat typically takes as an object some edible thing, for instance a peppercorn or a meal. Either of these may be the verb's direct argument, as in (76a and b) above. Eat may also be used without a direct argument, as in (76c). But whereas a direct argument may specify that Brian ate a meal or a peppercorn, using the verb without a direct argument one can only mean that Brian ate a meal. Brian ate does not mean that Brian ate a peppercorn or a hatstand or even a ripe apple.
It is not so with count nouns. If I have snow in my right hand, and put half of it into my left hand, I still have snow in each hand. But if I take an apple in one hand, divide it in two and take one part of it in each hand, I have not an apple but a half an apple in each hand. In addressing Aristotle's trichotomy of state verbs (statives), energeia verbs (activities) and kinesis verbs (accomplishments and achievements), Taylor equates the energeia verbs with 'stuffs' like gold, and the kinesis verbs with 'substances' like tables.
Meg broke her break. *Beth destroyed a destroy/destruction. The English cognate object construction provides a means for verbs which do not ordinarily take a measuring argument to have one. The cognate object representing the event itself is, in a sense, the default measuring argument. The fact that cognate objects cannot occur with verbs that have a measuring argument in their basic sense follows from the constraint that there can only be one measuring argument for each event described by a verb.