By Hisakazu Kato
Analyzing the relation among inhabitants elements and technological development is the most function of this booklet. With its declining inhabitants, Japan faces the straightforward yet tricky challenge of even if sustained monetary progress will be maintained. even if there are various reports to enquire destiny monetary progress from the viewpoint of work strength transition and the reducing saving cost, technological growth is crucial issue to be thought of sooner or later direction of the japanese economic system. Technological development is the results of techniques or advancements within the caliber of human and actual capital. the rise in technological growth, that is measured as overall issue productiveness (TFP), is learned either by means of advancements in productiveness within the brief time period and via fiscal advancements within the long-term. the writer investigates the connection of inhabitants elements and productiveness, targeting productiveness development within the brief time period. Many discussions have lengthy been held concerning the relation among inhabitants and technological growth. From the previous Malthusian version to the fashionable endogenous fiscal development versions, a number of theories are built within the context of development concept. during this ebook, those discussions are summarized in brief, with an research of the quantitative relation among inhabitants and technological development utilizing country-based panel facts in contemporary periods.
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Additional resources for An Empirical Analysis of Population and Technological Progress
6 %, the second-highest value among the 18 countries. 5 %. In other words, almost half of the economic growth came from the contribution of MFP. 67 %. 1 %, respectively. 32 %. This was because of the decreased size of the labor force in the mid-1990s. 0 %, the third-highest value of the 18 countries. 3 Some Problems Related to Technological Progress Indicators (1) Productivity and TFP Based on current research, it can be said that the contribution of MFP or technological progress to economic growth, through the analysis of growth accounting, is large.
Kremer (1993) and others said that a larger population would generate more innovation, new technology, ideas, and so on. Hence, technological progress had been inspired by them. Furthermore, in economics, technological progress (TFP or MFP) has been an engine of economic growth. From the point of view of the production function approach, which is well explained for long-term economic growth, technological progress is one of the most important factors determining the economy’s potential. Of course, the labor force, which reflects the total population, is also an important factor for economic growth; however, as seen in Chap.
This database includes MFP data for 20 member nations of the OECD from 1985 to 2012; we can therefore use this as panel data. However, this database is unbalanced, as it lacks data from some nations. MFP is deﬁned as the difference between the rate of change of output (Q) and the rate of change of input (X), as shown in Eq. 5). ln MFPt MFPtÀ1 Qt Xt ¼ ln À ln QtÀ1 XtÀ1 ð3:5Þ Output (Q) is measured as GDP at constant prices for the entire economy from the OECD Annual National Accounts, and input (X) is composed of labor force and seven kinds of capital stock, weighted by cost share.