By Anne H. Gauthier, C.Y. Cyrus Chu, Shripad Tuljapurkar
This e-book explores how demographic adjustments impact inter-generational transfers of time, funds, items, and prone, all issues that play a task within the wellbeing and fitness of people and households. It info the character and size of transfers, their reasons and mechanisms, and their macro-level dimensions, specially within the context of demographic transitions. insurance comprises unique empirical analyses of datasets from a few twenty nations and extends the normal research of inter-generational transfers via studying varieties of transfers.
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Additional resources for Allocating Public and Private Resources across Generations: Riding the Age Waves - Volume 2 (International Studies in Population)
This is what I refer to as “substitutability” (case #3 in Table 1). Diminished transfers in this situation imply an equally reciprocated perspective in which both R and K think of the other as a complement to Q (case #4 in Table 1). Finally, where R receives either heightened or diminished transfers from K in the absence of Q, this tells us nothing whatsoever about R’s motivation, for here R is simply the subject of K’s action (cases #5 and 6 in Table 1). The second disaggregation refers to group-level patterns that can be derived from Figures 1 and 2 and then applied to any of the six possible changes described in Table 1.
Second, there are very limited market- and policy-based alternatives to kin support networks. , Frazer 1914; Johnson 1922; Coudenhove 1926; Young 1932, 1970; Ntara 1949, 1973; Mitchell 1956, 1962; Hirschmann 1990; Mtika 2001). , Malawi 1998; Mtika 2001). These include high labour migration rates, both rural-to-rural, rural-to-urban, and from Malawi to South Africa (Segal 1985; Hirschmann 1990; Kalipeni 1996), and increasing levels of education (adult literacy rates, 54 percent for women and 75 percent for men, are slightly highly than the average for sub-Saharan Africa (UNESCO 2005)—education, by allowing for greater social mobility, is said to reduce the motivations to remain entrenched in transfer networks (Caldwell 1982), although recent school enrollment has increased faster than the sub-Saharan African mean [World Bank 2001]); they also include, most recently and destructively, AIDS.
Detailed information of the PSFD survey is provided later in Section 3. These figures are calculated based on respondents with at least one living parent. Since there are no mandatory social security pensions in Taiwan, the proportion of bequeathable assets relative to total assets should be higher in Taiwan than in the US. 39 Anne H. Gauthier et al. ), Allocating Public and Private Resources across Generations, 39–61. C 2007 Springer. 40 C. Y. CYRUS CHU AND RUOH-RONG YU Table 1. Asset transfer status in different types of families (percent).