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By Sugata Bose

In addition to being a superb contribution to Indian monetary and social heritage, this publication attracts vital conclusions approximately peasant politics generally and concerning the results of overseas fiscal fluctuations on fundamental generating international locations. Dr Bose develops a common typology of platforms of agrarian construction in Bengal to teach how those spoke back to forms of strain from the realm economic system, and treats intimately the results of the area melancholy on Bengal. Separate chapters are dedicated to the subjects of agrarian clash and non secular strife in east Bengal, the agrarian measurement of mass nationalism in west Bengal and sharecroppers agitations within the frontier areas. the realization makes an attempt a synthesis of the typology of agrarian social constitution and the periodisation of peasant politics, putting this within the wider context of agrarian societies and protest in different elements of India and in South-east Asia.

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Extra info for Agrarian Bengal: Economy, Social Structure and Politics, 1919-1947

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91-2. 4S Dacca SR, pp. 75-7 and App. XI. 28 Introduction dynamic processes of the peasants' involvement in the product and credit markets and their impact on the structure of peasants' holdings. Finally, the role of wage labour in the agrarian economy has to be set into context. This will clarify the differences between the agrarian structures of east and west Bengal. '49 A large number of cultivators, of course, worked for hire at harvest time, but the composition of these hired labourers underlined the relative homogeneity of the peasantry.

See E. Le Roy Ladurie, The 34 Subsistence and the market I 35 Marxist critique has called into question all the variants of the demographically determined model and asserted the centrality of pre-existing agrarian class structures in shaping the nature of social and economic change. 3 Yet all these conflicting interpretations are not mutually exclusive, but rather stem from differences of emphasis and the choice of alternative frameworks for the analysis of interrelated themes. In the realm of Indian historiography, in spite of a longstanding debate centering on the price responsiveness of agriculture, the aspects of demographic change and production for the market have been generally weakly integrated.

3 is intended to give a general impression of the much higher proportion of labourers (including sharecroppers without tenancy rights) to the total agricultural population in west and central Bengal than in east Bengal where the great majority of cultivators had some sort of recorded right to the soil. This chapter has focused on certain basic distinctions in the agrarian social structure in Bengal. 56 The impact of these markets on the smallholding peasantry may, however, be sketched here in skeletal form and will be elaborated and developed later.

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