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By Carl L. Bankston

Fifty years after Brown v. Board of schooling, the USA nonetheless has some distance to visit reach precise integration of our instructional approach. utilizing vast interviews and a wealth of statistical details, Bankston and Caldas study the failed desegregation efforts in Louisiana as a case learn to teach how desegregation has an analogous unsuccessful development around the usa. powerful supporters of the dream of integration, Bankston and Caldas exhibit that the sensible hassle with desegregation is that educational environments are created by way of the entire scholars in a faculty from the backgrounds that every one the scholars carry with them.† regrettably, the dangers that minority little ones need to conquer impact faculties greater than colleges will help therapy those negative aspects.

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Extra info for A Troubled Dream: The Promise and Failure of School Desegregation in Louisiana

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Still, the average black student was circumscribed by the range of personal contacts and experiences. Today, many have begun to question policies of integration. White critics maintain that forced integration denies freedom of choice. Black critics argue that it weakens black cultural traditions and racial solidarity. As we look at the efforts to integrate Louisiana schools, though, it is important to recognize the historical context of these efforts. The dream of integration was a dream of breaking down the walls of segregation that surrounded young black Louisianians on all sides and of dissolving a historically imposed caste system.

The Catholic Church established the elite Xavier University in New Orleans in 1915. Grambling University first came into existence as the Colored Industrial and Agricultural School, and it became a four-year college in 1940. The existence of a separate black system of higher education did not ensure equal educational opportunities, even at the highest level. As we will see below, these institutions produced very few graduates. In addition, there have long been serious questions about the quality of education received in segregated colleges.

The end of Reconstruction meant the end of these first efforts at the desegregation of Louisiana schools, as well as the beginning of the end of The Roots of a Racially Divided Society 25 black political participation. Even though school desegregation had received the endorsement of some enlightened whites, it was extremely unpopular with the white population in general. 9 Local school boards began to resegregate schools in 1877, in spite of the 1868 constitution. The new constitution of 1879, written after the return to power of the southern Democrats, dropped both the prohibition of officially single-race schools and the requirement that every parish establish a public school system.

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